Inflammation of the prostate is known as prostatitis, and it is one of the most common urologic diseases in adult males. It is estimated that 50% of men experience symptoms of prostatitis at some point during their lifetime (1).
There are three different classifications of prostatitis: acute bacterial prostatitis (I), chronic bacterial prostatitis (II) and chronic non-bacterial prostatitis (III).
The most common symptoms of prostatitis include pelvic pain, painful urination and ejaculation, and sexual dysfunction. These symptoms can have a devastating impact on quality of life (1).
Bacterial prostatitis and accounts for about 5-10% of all prostatitis cases. Acute prostatitis can develop into chronic prostatitis if the first occurrence is not recognised and treated, inadequate duration of antibiotic treatment, or antibiotic resistance (1). The main difference between acute and chronic prostatitis is that the symptoms of chronic prostatitis last more than 3 months.
Antibiotic medication is typically given to get rid of the germ that is causing bacterial prostatitis. However, long-term antibiotic can have side effects because it also reduces the amount of health-supporting microbes like Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus (2). These bacteria are an important part of a healthy gut microflora. Disruption to the gut microflora increases the risk of prostatitis recurrence.
Chronic non-bacterial prostatitis
Chronic non-bacterial prostatitis is by far the most common form of prostatitis. The symptoms are similar to chronic bacterial prostatitis but there are no bacteria present and the cause is not fully understood.
However, men suffering from non-bacterial prostatitis typically have a higher level of inflammation. Therefore, natural anti-inflammatory supplements have been of interest for treating prostatitis.
Here are the 5 natural ways you can reduce inflammation of the prostate:
Men that have previously suffered with prostatitis have a 20%-50% risk of a recurrence (1). Research has also found that men with chronic prostatitis have lower levels of seminal lactobacilli than healthy men (3).
This shows that antibiotic treatment alone is not adequate for many men. Probiotic supplementation can restore the loss of healthy bacteria in your gut microflora caused by antibiotic treatment. This would lower the risk of an infection recurrence.
The benefits of probiotics for treating bacterial prostatitis have been demonstrated in human clinical research. One study looked at the effects of supplementing with probiotics alongside antibiotics for treating chronic bacterial prostatitis (2). 210 men affected by chronic bacterial prostatitis were randomly allocated to receive a lactobacillus supplement with antibiotics or antibiotics alone for 30 days. At the end of the study 27.6% of the group that received only antibiotics had a UTI recurrence, while only 7.8% of the combination group experienced a recurrence (Busetto 2014).
Probiotics can protect against type harmful bacteria and restore the loss of healthy-supporting bacteria lost to antibiotics treatment. This makes probiotics one of the best treatments for bacterial prostatitis.
Curcumin is a potent bioactive constituent in the spice Turmeric. Turmeric is regularly used in India for cooking and in traditional medicine. Curcumin is well-known for its potent anti-inflammatory effects. Curcumin also has a very good safety profile and it serves as a viable alternative to anti-inflammatory drugs.
A clinical study was carried out to see if a combination of curcumin and calendula was able to help treat chronic non-bacterial prostatitis (4). After 3 months the men that took the herbal supplement had a significant improvement in urinary symptoms and erectile function compared to the placebo group (4).
Another study compared the effects of using antibiotics with saw palmetto, curcumin and quercetin, for treating chronic bacterial prostatitis (5). After one month, 90% of men that took the supplement did not report a recurrence of prostatitis, while only 27% of men that took antibiotic alone did not report recurrence. After 6 months of treatment, none of the supplement group reported symptoms of prostatitis and two patients did in the antibiotics only group (5).
One issue is that none of these studies have looked at the effects of curcumin alone on treating prostatitis, and therefore it is unknown whether using curcumin alone would be effective. However, using curcumin with other natural anti-inflammatory ingredients such as quercetin and saw palmetto can improve the symptoms of chronic non-bacterial prostatitis.
Another supplement that can help treat chronic non-bacterial prostatitis is quercetin. Quercetin is a flavonoid found in high concentrations in capers, and red onion (1).
Animal research has demonstrated that quercetin can protect against chronic prostatitis by reducing inflammation and oxidative stress (6). A human clinical showed that 1 gram of quercetin daily for 4 weeks significantly improved the symptoms of chronic non-bacterial prostatitis (7).
Another human clinical study showed that taking quercetin alongside curcumin, saw palmetto and antibiotics was more effective at treating chronic bacterial prostatitis than taking antibiotics alone (5). 90% of the men that took the supplement with antibiotics did not experience an infection recurrence, while only 27% of men than took antibiotic did not have an infection recurrence (C5).
For quercetin to be effective quercetin you would require either a high dose (1 gram per day) or a lower dose when combined with other ingredients like curucmin and saw palmetto.
4) Pollen extract
Pollen extract is another potent natural anti-inflammatory. Research has demonstrated that pollen extract has anti-inflammatory effects on rats induced with prostatitis (8).
In a human clinical study, patients that were given pollen extract reported a significantly greater improvement in symptoms of chronic non-bacterial prostatitis and a greater improvement in quality of life than men that were given a placebo (9).
Another study provided strong evidence that pollen extract can reduce inflammation within the prostate (10). Pollen extract is a good option for anyone suffering with chronic non-bacterial prostatitis.
5) Saw palmetto
Saw palmetto is regularly used to treat prostate enlargement. This is because of its ability to reduce DHT, which is a potent hormone that plays an important role in prostate enlargement. Saw palmetto also has potent anti-inflammatory properties and has been suggested as a potential treatment for prostatitis.
A study looked at the efficacy of saw palmetto for treating chronic bacterial prostatitis (11). 56 men were given antibiotics for 15 days, and half of the men were also given saw palmetto for 8 weeks. While both groups had a similar reduction in bacteria, the group that took saw palmetto reported a greater reduction in pain (11). This is likely due to the anti-inflammatory effects of saw palmetto.
Other studies have also shown that when saw palmetto is used alongside other natural ingredients like probiotics (2), quercetin and curcumin (5) are effective for treating prostatitis.
Although prostatitis is not a life threatening condition, it does have a debilitating effect on quality of life. There are a number of natural ingredients that can treat prostatitis. For anyone suffering with a form of bacterial prostatitis it is very important that you supplement with probiotics.
A combination of saw palmetto, curcumin and quercetin has shown to be clinically effective at reducing pain, and should be used by men suffering from any form of prostatitis.
Using these natural supplements can also prevent you from having an unnecessary PSA test by reducing inflammation and PSA levels.
It takes a holistic approach that can benefit not just the prostate, but your entire body. One of the simplest ways to start treating urinary tract issues is Prostate Healer. This powerful healing tincture contains 8 of the most potent rejuvenating herbs available in Ayurvedic science.
It’s an effective, fast working tincture and because it is an all-natural formula and non-GMO there are no side effects. Patients report significant improvements in the first few weeks and within 3 months they say their Prostatitis is gone.
Try it today! Here’s a link for more info: https://www.bensnaturalhealth.com/ben-s-prostate-healer.html
- Paulis G. Inflammatory mechanisms and oxidative stress in prostatitis: the possible role of antioxidant therapy. Research and reports in urology. 2018;10:75.
- Busetto GM, Giovannone R, Ferro M, Tricarico S, Del Giudice F, Matei DV, De Cobelli O, Gentile V, De Berardinis E. Chronic bacterial prostatitis: efficacy of short-lasting antibiotic therapy with prulifloxacin (Unidrox®) in association with saw palmetto extract, lactobacillus sporogens and arbutin (Lactorepens®). BMC urology. 2014 Dec;14(1):53.
- Mändar R, Punab M, Korrovits P, Türk S, Ausmees K, Lapp E, Preem JK, Oopkaup K, Salumets A, Truu J. Seminal microbiome in men with and without prostatitis. International Journal of Urology. 2017 Mar;24(3):211-6.
- Morgia G, Russo GI, Urzì D, Privitera S, Castelli T, Favilla V, Cimino S. A phase II, randomized, single-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial on the efficacy of Curcumina and Calendula suppositories for the treatment of patients with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome type III. Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia. 2017 Jun 30;89(2):110-3.
- Cai T, Mazzoli S, Bechi A, Addonisio P, Mondaini N, Pagliai RC, Bartoletti R. Serenoa repens associated with Urtica dioica (ProstaMEV®) and curcumin and quercitin (FlogMEV®) extracts are able to improve the efficacy of prulifloxacin in bacterial prostatitis patients: results from a prospective randomised study. International journal of antimicrobial agents. 2009 Jun 1;33(6):549-53.
- Meng LQ, Yang FY, Wang MS, Shi BK, Chen DX, Chen D, Zhou Q, He QB, Ma LX, Cheng WL, Xing NZ. Quercetin protects against chronic prostatitis in rat model through NF‐κB and MAPK signaling pathways. The Prostate. 2018 Apr 13.
- Shoskes DA, Zeitlin SI, Shahed A, Rajfer J. Quercetin in men with category III chronic prostatitis: a preliminary prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Urology. 1999 Dec 1;54(6):960-3.
- Kamijo T, Sato S, Kitamura T. Effect of cernitin pollen‐extract on experimental nonbacterial prostatitis in rats. The Prostate. 2001 Oct 1;49(2):122-31.
- Wagenlehner FM, Schneider H, Ludwig M, Schnitker J, Brähler E, Weidner W. A pollen extract (Cernilton) in patients with inflammatory chronic prostatitis–chronic pelvic pain syndrome: a multicentre, randomised, prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 study. European urology. 2009 Sep 1;56(3):544-51.
- Cai T, Verze P, La Rocca R, Palmieri A, Tiscione D, Luciani LG, Mazzoli S, Mirone V, Malossini G. The clinical efficacy of pollen extract and vitamins on chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome is linked to a decrease in the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-8. The world journal of men’s health. 2017 Aug 1;35(2):120-8.
- Stamatiou K, Pierris N. Serenoa repens extract additionally to quinolones in the treatment of chronic bacterial prostatitis. The preliminary results of a long term observational study. Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia. 2013 Dec 31;85(4):190-6.
About Kwame Otchere
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